Taiwan Area Mesoscale Experiment

05/01/1987 - 06/29/1987
Project Location

The Taiwan Area Mesoscale Experiment (TAMEX) was a cooperative research program between scientists of the Republic of China and the United States to understand the mesoscale dynamics and microphysical processes responsible for heavy precipitation that leads to flash floods in Taiwan, and to improve the forecasting of such events. The three primary scientific objectives of TAMEX were to investigate 1) the mesoscale circulations associated with the Mei-Yu front; (2) the mesoscale convective system that develop within the front; and (3) the effects of topography of Taiwan on the mean flow, the Mei-Yu front, and mesoscale convective systems. 

The field phase of the TAMEX Program operated from 1 May to 29 June 1987 with 13 Intensive Observational Periods (IOP)s. In addition, soundings were taken every 6-hours within the network for a one month period from 15 May to 15 June. This provided an unique opportunity to also study the diurnal cycle and other mesoscale circulations over and around Taiwan during non-disturbed periods as well as disturbed periods. Meteorological phenomena on which special observations were collected include: the Mei-Yu front, low-level jet, pre-frontal squall lines, open-ocean measoscale convective systems, mountain convection, terrain induced mesoscale circulation, frontal deformation due to orography, nocturnal convergence lines, and land-sea breeze. In a few cases, heavy precipitation (6-h rainfall exceeding 150 mm) was recorded within the observing network.

TAMEX, with more than 125 scientists involved, was the first scientific effort of its kind involving several research organizations in the Republic of China and the United States. These included NOAA, The U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, NCAR, and the following Universities: Alabama, Colorado State, Florida State, Hawaii, North Carolina State, Oklahoma, Purdue, St. Louis, Washington, and Yale.

TAMEX Group Planning Meeting
held at NCAR in Boulder, Winter 1986
TAMEX researchers
Richard Johnson and George Chen
at the CP-4 Trailer in Taiwan
George Chen and Richard Johnson



Aircraft NOAA P-3
Oceanographic Routine Meteorological and oceanographic measurements from Ships
Radar Three (3) C-Band Doppler radars (NW coast of Taiwan). NCAR CP-4, Chinese Civil Aeronautical Administration, NOAA TOGA radar
Radar Five conventional radars located around the coast of Taiwan
Ship Ocean Research 1, Navy ship, Fishing Training 1
Surface 74 Surface Mesonet stations, 126 raingage stations (all stations 30-60 min resolution)
Surface 21 Automated wind towers (10-min resolution)
Upper Air 12 Rawinsonde stations (12 land-based, 3 ship-based)
Upper Air 10 PIBAL Sites (wind only). 6 routine sites, 4 special TAMEX sites
Upper Air Minisonde system (National Central University, NCU)
Upper Air 52 MHz Wind Profiler system (National Central University, NCU)
Upper Air Dropwinsondes from P-3 Aircraft





Data Manager: