Tropical Ocean tRoposphere Exchange
of Reactive halogen species and Oxygenated VOC
The scientific objective of the TORERO project was to study the release, transport and fate of reactive halogen gases and oxidized VOCs, and their effect on the atmospheric oxidation capacity in the Eastern Tropical Pacific Ocean during the season of high biological ocean productivity. The project timeframe was coincident with complementary research vessel projects in the same area, however TORERO science was not dependent on concurrent ship operations.
The project utilized the NSF/GV aircraft to fly at several altitudes collecting remote sensing and in-situ data. The GV was based in San José, Costa Rica and deployed to approximately 105°W longitude. An early campaign, forward deployment to Antofagasta in central Chile to study the Southern Ocean during three flights also took place before ferrying to San José for the remaining 4 weeks of the deployment.
TORERO utilized the GV capabilities very well both in terms of the wide altitude envelope and long operating range that were required to reach the project's objectives. Some compromises had to be made to accommodate the desired payload, and payload support during forward deployments was limited.
Rainer Volkamer, Univ. of Colorado
Science Steering Committee
Modeling Working Group
Ship Working Group
TORERO Data Archive
TORERO Data Policy
Dataset Documentation Guidelines
Data Submission Instructions
TORERO Field Catalog
NSF/NCAR GV Digital Camera Movies
|Meetings and Presentations|
AGU Session A075: Tropospheric Chemistry and Tropical Oceans, 3-7 December 2012|
|CIRES-led study discovers high levels of air-cleansing compound over ocean, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Science (CIRES) news release, 24 Jan 2013.|
|Ocean Onslaught, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES), 23 Jan 2012.|
|Misión Atmosfera - HOY - Canal 9 Video|
|Avión estudia intercambio de gases entre el océano y el aire, La Nación|
|Ocean-Air Chemistry Gets Clearer and Cloudier, Colorado Arts & Sciences Magazine|
|Atmospheric Trace Molecule Spectroscopy Laboratory - Outreach|